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New frontiers in communication systems

New research by the universities of Bristol, Keio and industrial partners have unlocked 80 THz of fibre-optic bandwidth that will enable future exascale data centres and transform 5G networks.

The research on optical communication technologies, wavelength division multiplexing and networks form the backbone of every wired network across the whole Internet. Work until now has been focused and limited on utilizing ~11 THz of bandwidth (C and L Band) centred at 193 THz.
Optical networks based on this frequency bands have been able to support up to 230 channels at 50 GHz spacing.

The technology fabricated and tested is based on cascaded arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) and is designed to potentially construct a 1600 x 1600 wavelength router that can guide data at the speed of light. Specially designed quantum dot chips are used for light sources.

This single passive optical system can route immense information offering manifold increase from current systems. It can single-handedly interconnect over one million end points while offering at least ten Gb/s per end point. Critically it is also future proof since it's transparent to any communication signal and it can also potentially consume zero power due to its passive nature.

Read the full article at New frontiers in communication systems.
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